What Was The Mysterious Blue Light On Earth That Astronaut Photographed From The ISS?

European Space Agency ESA astronaut Thomas Pesquet took photo of blue light from International Space Station ISS as transient luminous event.

ESA/NASA–T. Pesquet

An astronaut onboard the International Space Station captured an incredible photo of a mysterious blue light. Many have questioned what the illuminated phenomenon could be – asking if the glowing light could be a UFO. However, science has an explanation of what the mystifying blue lights on Earth could be.

French European Space Agency astronaut Thomas Pesquet shared an extraordinary photo of a glowing blue light over Earth as seen from the ISS.

The mesmerizing timelapse photo shows a rare transient luminous event (TLE) happening in Earth’s atmosphere as seen from space.

TLEs – sometimes called “upper atmospheric lightning” or “ionospheric lightning” – are “short-lived electrical-breakdown phenomena/electrically induced forms of luminous plasma that occur well above the altitudes of normal lightning and Cumulonimbus (Cb) clouds,” according to Skybrary.

There are various kinds of transient luminous events – including jets, sprites, TROLLs (Transient Red Optical Luminous Lineaments), ghosts, pixies, and elves – and they typically last mere milliseconds.

A version of TLEs are “blue jets” because of the bright blue lights stretching into space. The blue jets are “believed to be initiated as ‘normal’ lightning discharges between the upper positive charge region in a thundercloud and a negative ‘screening layer’ present above this charge region.” The blue color is thought to be because of “blue and near-ultraviolet emission lines from neutral and ionized molecular nitrogen.”

TLEs are almost impossible to see from Earth because the cloud cover hides the light show shooting into space. However, they are plain to see from the International Space Station.

“This is a very rare occurrence and we have a facility outside Europe’s Columbus laboratory dedicated to observing these flashes of light. The Space Station is extremely well suited for this observatory as it flies over the equator where there are more thunderstorms,” Pesquet wrote.